HIST 2020, September 15

Main Concepts

Causes of Spanish-American War

  • U.S. sympathy for Cuban independence movement
  • U.S. fear of instability in Cuba, especially its possible impact on U.S. business interests (shipping, sugar, tobacco)
  • U.S. contempt for Spanish empire
  • Explosion of the USS Maine

Consequences of Spanish-American War

  • Cuban independence, with the condition that Cuba make certain concessions (allow U.S. military intervention, lease out Guantanamo Bay)
  • U.S. possession of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines
  • United States recognized as an ascendant global empire
  • Philippine-American War (1899–1902)


1897 cartoon advocating U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence

Illustration of the explosion of the Maine

Patriotic pins

Fritz Guerin, “United in Defense of Little Cuba” (1898)

Map of colonies ceded by Spain after the Spanish-American War